Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港) is a special administrative region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). It is positioned on China’s south coastline and, enclosed by the Pearl River Delta and South China Sea, it is recognised for its expansive skyline and deep all-natural harbour. With a land mass of one,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a populace of 7 million people, Hong Kong is a person of the most densely populated spots in the planet. Hong Kong’s populace is 95 % ethnic Chinese and five % from other teams. Hong Kong’s Han Chinese majority originate mainly from the cities of Guangzhou and Taishan in the neighbouring Guangdong province.
Hong Kong turned a colony of the British Empire immediately after the Initial Opium War (1839–42). Originally confined to Hong Kong Island, the colony’s boundaries have been prolonged in stages to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 and then the New Territories in 1898. It was occupied by Japan in the course of the Pacific War, immediately after which the British resumed handle until finally 1997, when China resumed sovereignty.The region espoused bare minimum govt intervention below the ethos of optimistic non-interventionism in the course of the colonial era.The time time period considerably motivated the recent society of Hong Kong, frequently explained as “East meets West”, and the instructional technique, which utilized to loosely comply with the technique in England until finally reforms applied in 2009.
Beneath the principle of “a person place, two techniques”, Hong Kong has a diverse political technique from mainland China. Hong Kong’s independent judiciary capabilities below the common law framework. Hong Kong Essential Legislation, its constitutional document, which stipulates that Hong Kong shall have a “superior degree of autonomy” in all issues except foreign relations and military services defence, governs its political technique. Whilst it has a burgeoning multi-occasion technique, a modest-circle citizens controls half of its legislature. That is, the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, the head of govt, is decided on by an Election Committee of 400 to one,200 customers, a predicament that will be in impact in the course of the first 20 decades of Chinese rule.